Eravikulam National Park is a 97 km2national park located along the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala in India. It is the first national park in Kerala. Eravikulam National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Twenty six species of mammals have been recorded in the park including the largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr,[ estimated at about 750 individuals. The other ungulates are lion-tailed macaques, gaur, Indian muntjac and sambar deer. Golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard and tiger are the main predators. Some little-known animals such as Nilgiri langur, stripe-necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, Nilgiri marten, small clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and dusky palm squirrel are also found. Elephants make seasonal visits. 132 species of birds have been recorded which include endemics like black-and-orange flycatcher, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white bellied shortwing, Nilgiri flycatcher and Kerala laughingthrush. Endemic butterflies confined to the shola-grass land ecosystem like the red disk bushbrown and Palni four wing are among the 101 species in the park. 19 species of amphibians have been recorded in the park.
Three major types of plant communities are found in the Park – grasslands, shrublands and forests.
The national park is a protected area and is divided into three regions – the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. Visitors are allowed only to the tourism area that is in Rajamala. It is one the place where you can witness the mass flowering of Neelakurinji flowers.
The best time to visit the park is from September to November and from April to June. The park will be closed during heavy rains. Do not visit during February and March as spotting animals is very hard due to matting season. Sometimes, the park might be closed during this period to avoid exploitation.
Entry time: 7:00 am – 4.00 pm
Indian Adults – 120/- (Children – 90/-)
Foreign Nationals – 400/-
Ordinary Camera – 40/-
Video Camera – 315/-
Reservation fee Rs 50/- (Reservation counter 9 am – 3 pm at Information centre, Munnar)
The safari time starts by 8:30 am and closes by 4 pm. A complete safari would take 2-3 hours.
Trivandrum airport is located 148 km away from the park and Coimbatore airport is located 175 km away.
The nearest railway station is Aluva , located 120 km away from Munnar.